Created by Billings school librarian Ruth Ferris with partial funding through the National Endowment for the Humanities' National Digital Newspaper Project, this primary-source based lesson plan challenges students to analyze and contextualize historical evidence; consider how authorship, intention, and context affect meaning; and construct an argument about the contributions of Billings, Montana, high school graduate Hazel Hunkins to the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment.
Materials to teach this four-to-six-day lesson are below. While supplies last, you can request a free printed and bound copy of this lesson plan by emailing MHSEducation@mt.gov, subject line: Hazel Hunkins. Make sure to include your mailing address in your email.
This lesson plan provides detailed instructions and copies of all of the material needed to engage your students in this historical investigation.
Material for Part 1
Provide your students with a quick overview so they have the background knowledge they need to complete the lesson.
Part 1 of the lesson plan uses photos of Hazel Hunkins from the 1908 Billings High School yearbook as a hook. It also includes a teacher-led analysis of 5 primary sources: A photograph, an envelope, a newspaper clipping, a letter, and an editorial cartoon. All of these sources are included in the lesson plan itself as well as in this Primary Source PowerPoint, for teachers wishing to project them on a large screen. The PowerPoint also includes a Model Document Analysis Worksheet for each source, to help students learn how to interrogate primary sources.
Students will need to answer the questions on this worksheet for each source they investigate.
Material for Part 2
Part 2 requires the class to be divided into six "Detective Teams." Each team will be responsible for analyzing one of the following Historical Case Files.
Historical Case File #1: Selling Suffrage Images of Case File #1 Sources
Historical Case File #2: Anti-Suffrage and Saloon Men Images of Case File #2 Sources
Historical Case File #3: Silent Sentinels Images of Case File #3 Sources
Historical Case File #4: Pickets, Arrests, and Riots Images of Case File #4 Sources
Historical Case File #5: Prisoners and Hunger Strikes Images of Case File #5 Sources
Historical Case File #6: Dissension within the Movement Images of Case File #6 Sources
Detective teams will need to answer the questions on this worksheet for each source they investigate.
Material for Part 3
Part 3 requires each student to write a brief addressed to the textbook committee, arguing for or against Hazel Hunkins' inclusion in the next edition of their American history or Montana history textbook.
This graphic organizer is designed to help students organize the evidence they have collected to write a persuasive brief.