Vol. 67, No. 1
“We Had to Start Treating Them as Human Beings”
Dr. Philip Pallister, Clinical Genetics, and the Montana State Training School, 1940s–1970s
by Linda Sargent Wood
More than Mourning Dove
Christine Quintasket—Activist, Leader, Public Intellectual
by Laurie Arnold
Working on the Railroad
A Memoir by Immigrant Laborer Poet Antonio Andreoni
by Maria Bendinelli Predelli
Armitage, Shaping the Public Good, reviewed by Mary Murphy | Dennison, Montana’s Pioneer Naturalist, reviewed by Robert W. Rydell | Cutler, “Hang Them All,” reviewed by Gary Clayton Anderson | Pierce, Making the White Man’s West, reviewed by Monica Rico | Frisbee, Counterpunch, reviewed by Randy Roberts | Wells, Defender, reviewed by Bryon Andreasen | McCormack, Imagining Tombstone, reviewed by Phil Gruen | Wise, Producing Predators, reviewed by Tim Lehman | Etulain, Lincoln and Oregon Country Politics in the Civil War Era, reviewed by Carlos A. Schwantes
On the Cover
W. H. D. Koerner (1878–1938) was born in Lunden, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. His family immigrated to the United States in 1881, settling in Clinton, Iowa. With big dreams of a career as an artist but little formal training, Koerner landed a job as a staff artist at the Chicago Tribune at the age of twenty. Later, he studied at the Art Student’s League and independently under Gutzon Borglum and Howard Pyle. Koerner is best known for his illustrations in the Saturday Evening Post. He painted the front cover feature, While the Horses Stood To Their Fetlocks In The Tumbling Stream, He Turned To Her, A Smiling Question In His Eyes (1929, oil on canvas, 31" x 36¾") for that magazine’s April 13, 1929, issue as an illustration for “Cinderella by Request” by Ben Ames Williams. The painting appears courtesy of the Buffalo Bill Center of the West, Cody, Wyoming, U.S.A., gift of William D. Weiss, 20.77.
The back cover features Jawbone Railroad (oil on canvas, 22" x 27", Montana Historical Society Collection, X1967.22) by Ralph DeCamp (1858–1936). DeCamp painted this work after a 1904 excursion from Helena to Lewistown, Montana, aboard the Montana Railroad, known colloquially as the Jawbone Railroad. According to David Hilger, who accompanied DeCamp on the trip, the railroad’s wood-burning locomotive lacked the power to pull all four railcars up the steep curves through Sixteen Mile Canyon. Instead, the locomotive pulled two cars up the grade, at which point it unhooked and went back for the other two cars—allowing DeCamp time to sketch the scene and take a photograph on which he based this painting. Turn to page 46 to read about an Italian immigrant’s experiences working on the Northern Pacific Railway.
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