Montana Historical Society Press


MHS Press publishes regional books on the history and cultural resources of Montana. Book titles with asterisks (*) are available as ebooks from most major online ebook retailers.

Our award-winning quarterly, Montana The Magazine of Western History, contains articles on the history of Montana and the West. Search the magazine index for a more comprehensive catalog of articles. To purchase back issues, or for issues prior to Winter 2003, email, call (406) 444-4708, or fill out and mail this form. Copies may be found at your local library or the MHS Research Center at

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Smoke Wars

Smoke Wars

Anaconda Copper, Montana Air Pollution, and the Courts, 1890–1924

Created: Friday, June 12, 1908

Anaconda Copper, Montana Air Pollution, and the Courts, 1890–1924
by Donald MacMillan
introduction by William L. Lang

Smoke Wars traces the campaign against air pollution in southwestern Montana from the fight to abolish open-heap roasting—a process that created dense clouds of low-lying, noxious smoke and caused death rates in Butte to exceed those of New York City—to the battle against toxic emissions released from the great stacks of the Anaconda Reduction Works. This landmark environmental study raises issues of corporate responsibility, the rights of citizens, and the costs of industrialization, issues still hotly contested today.

Categories: Publication, Books