Additional Information and Resources for Chapter 2
The Bering Strait Controversy
More on Creation Stories - Sacred and Ceremonial
History Mystery: Sacrifice Cliffs Kit, from the BLM Billings
Curation Center (BCC) and the Western Heritage Center. Designed for
middle and high school students, the kit invites students to investigate
the historical mystery of Sacrifice Cliffs and to explore various
types of evidence to learn the "who, where, when, why and how" of the
Stones and Bones: Prehistoric Tools from Montana’s Past from the Montana Historical Society. This
trunk looks at the earliest evidence of Montana's human history through
a study of casts and reproduction stone and bone tools from the Anzick
collection found in Wilsall, Montana.
Pictograph Cave Interpretive Trunk (Life at Pictograph Cave) from
Montana State Fish, Wildlife and Parks, Helena. This trunk focuses on
archaeology in Montana. It contains pictograph and artifact replicas, a
video, slide show, and lesson plans.
Prehistoric Life in Montana from the Montana Historical Society.
This trunk focuses on Pictograph Cave to explore what life was like in
Montana 10,000 to 12,000 years ago.
Websites and Online Lesson Plans
Montana Ancient Teachings: A Curriculum for Montana Archaeology and
Prehistory offers an in-depth curriculum to introduce elementary and
middle school students to the world of archaeology and to what
archaeologists have learned about Montana prehistory through archaeology
and related scientific disciplines.
The Montana Historical Society has created a lesson plan,
"What They Left Behind," to accompany this
on the various types of archaeological sites found in Montana.
American Trade Routes and the Barter Economy" includes two learning
activities designed for use in grades seven through nine, Activity One,
"Resources and Routes," focuses primarily on mapping pre-contact trade
routes, with a special emphasis on Montana. Activity Two, "Trading
Times," asks students to simulate the process through which various
products from different regional tribes were bartered and disseminated
to gain a better understanding of pre-contact barter economy and how it
compares with the modern-day cash economy.
The National Park Service Archeology Program is a one-stop-shop for
teachers seeking online activities for kids, lesson plans, informational
resources, and links to other sites.
Salmon Lake State Park created "Ancient
Highways-Native Byways," a lesson plan on early transportation
Find origin stories for all the tribes (and summaries of later
history) at montanatribes.org.
Videos or DVDs
The Creation, Origin, Separation and Migration of the Crow Nation is
part of a 5 DVD set on the Crow Tribe, created by the Western Heritage
Center American Indian Tribal Histories Project.
The Cheyenne Creation Story is part of a 5 DVD set on the Northern
Cheyenne tribe, created by the Western Heritage Center American Indian
Tribal Histories Project.
Peoples Buffalo Jump State Park, near Great Falls. (Related IEFA
lesson plans are available.)
Madison Buffalo Jump State Park, near Three Forks. (Related IEFA
lesson plans are available.)
Pictograph Cave State Park, near Billings. (Related IEFA lesson plans are available.)
Buffalo Jump, near Havre.
to Content Standards and Essential Understandings Regarding Montana
Tests and Answer Keys
Ice Age people, courtesy Montana Department of
Detail, Camas Gathering, Gary Schildt, Montana Historical
Warrior with bow and arrow from Pictograph Cave,
courtesy Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks and MSU COT
Oscar Lewis at Pictograph Cave, photo by Bill
Browne, Montana Historical Society Photo Archives PAc 90-96 Sheet