Vol. 67, No. 4
“Ho for the City of Angels and Sunny Skies”
The Union Pacific’s Midwinter Excursions to California
by Nancy Cooper
An “Undesirable Station”
U.S. Army Soldiers at Fort Yellowstone and the Creation of the National Park Service Ranger Program
by Thomas C. Rust
Tie Hackers on the Front Range, 1886–1887
Building the St. Paul, Minneapolis & Manitoba and the Montana Central Railroads
by John A. Vollertsen
Curriculum Reform and the Changing Politics of Education in World War I–Era Butte
by Cody Dodge Ewert
Montana Book Roundup
by Aaron Parrett
Merritt, The Coming Man from Canton, reviewed by Barry McCarron | Garrett, Making Lamanites, reviewed by Majel Boxer | Kruger, J. C. Penney, reviewed by Michael M. Miller | Frey, Carry Forth the Stories, reviewed by Sally Thompson | Smith, Yellowstone and the Smithsonian, reviewed by Kevin C. Brown | Bryan, The American Elsewhere, reviewed by Amy S. Greenberg | Newby, Theodore Waddell, reviewed by Patricia Vettel-Becker
On the Cover
This painting by American artist N. C. Wyeth (circa 1907, oil on canvas, 47" x 33", private collection, photograph courtesy Brandywine River Museum of Art, Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania) is believed to have been inspired by a series of illustrations he created for a short story called “How They Opened the Snow Road” by W. M. Raine and W. H. Eader, published in The Outing Magazine in January 1907. The story describes miners from Black Eagle Mine setting out to open a road to Red Lodge, Montana, after a heavy winter storm. Trained at the Howard Pyle School of Art in Wilmington, Delaware, Wyeth created outdoor scenes that illuminated the pages of Scribner’s, the Saturday Evening Post, and Harper’s Weekly, as well as novels by James Fenimore Cooper, Jules Verne, and Robert Louis Stevenson.
For nearly thirty years, the Union Pacific Railroad offered midwinter excursions from Montana to southern California. Colorful posters, such as the one on the back cover from the Eighth National Orange Show (Western Lithograph Co., Los Angeles, 1918, lithographic print on linen, 32" x 22", California State Library History Section, VVV-6036), promoted California’s seasonal attractions and sunny beaches.
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